Respondent
Swarz, Belle
Interview Date
1969
Abstract
[T1S1] Indicates ethnic composition of Kalverie and mentions farm grandfather owned. Father's hometown is identified; Lithuanian house is extensively described. Biographical details are provided. Respondent mentions sojourning rabbis and subjects they taught. Social status of father's family is explained; father's work is described. Respondent recounts gifts and kindnesses between non-Jews and Jews. Circumstances of Respondent's emigration are reported; Respondent's name change is discussed. Respondent reports illegal crossing into Germany and recounts accommodations to U.S. First impressions of U.S. are related. Stepfather's jobs in Pittsburgh are mentioned. Anti-Semitism encountered by mother and Respondent is outlined.
[T1S2] Unionization of stogie factories' by her husband, the son of a factory owner is noted. Stogiemakers' strike and union dues are outlined. Respondent's wages, hours and work in stogie factories are detailed. Anti-Semitism experienced by husband when working as laundry driver is recounted. Wages of laundry drivers are detailed. Respondent's marriage and husband's stores are mentioned. Cultural activities are enumerated: husband's job as theater usher is discussed. Respondent indicates the size of the branches and notes the decline of Workmen's Circle. Relationship between the Jewish Labor Committee and Workmen's Circle is explained. Labor Lyceum's building, activities and decline are discussed.
Subjects
Antisemitism; Immigrants--Travel--Personal narratives; Judaism--Relations--Europe--Christianity; Labor Lyceum (Pittsburgh, Pa.); Quality of life--Europe; Cigar Makers' International Union of America; Tobacco industry; Workmen's Circle (Pittsburgh, Pa.)
Birth Date
1892
City
Kalvarija
Country
Lithuania
Profession
Stogie factory worker, Housewife
Work
East Liberty
Residence
Hill District, Centre Ave.
Occupation (father)
Blacksmith
Length (hours)
1
Collateral Materials
None
Identifier
ais196440.464
Rights
All rights reserved. University of Pittsburgh