Respondent
Shapiro, Maurice A.
Interview Date
August 10, 1990
Abstract
Maurice Shapiro, a professor at the University of Pittsburgh School of Public Health and author of numerous publications in the field of hygiene and toxicology including the <i>Western Port Bay Environmental Study</i> in Australia, known as the Shapiro Report; birth year, 1917;
[T1S1] parents' death in Israel; father's emigration from Russia around 1902; mother's family emigrates from Germany; parents' meeting and marriage in the United States in 1916; father's education in medicine in Denver, CO; father works with venereal disease control in Texas during WWI; family moves to Columbus, OH, for father's work with state health department; family connections with Henrietta Szold, founder of Hadassah Hospital; 1919, moves to Palestine where father is a health officer; family connections with Golda Meir; names of other colleagues in Palestine; female relatives alliance with Pioneer Women; early education in Haifa and Hadar Ha Carmel; 1934, enters University of Missouri; mother's masters degree from Radcliffe College; brother founds Mayfair Orphanage in Cleveland, OH; sister's career in languages and social work; 1941, graduates, Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, MD; enters United States Public Health Service; training at National Institute of Health in malaria control; serves with Georgia Health Department in 1942; 1930, his family moves to Jerusalem; becomes involved with student labor organizations in Jerusalem; his parents' religious training; mother's family business in Germany; meeting his future wife, Anne, in a Yugoslavian refugee camp in Egypt; her Yugoslavian background; their marriage; birth of first child in Belgrade; incident with a Yugoslavian refugee child; father's work with the joint distribution committee in Europe; number of children;
[T1S2] their educations and careers; discussion of son, David's death in a sailplane accident; his sister's return to Israel to care for aging parents;
[T2S3] his father's memoirs; discussion of Poale Zion, a Zionist youth organization; father's early career; letters from Henrietta Szold in father's memoirs; father's early life in Russia; a biographical sketch beginning with his degree from the University of Missouri; receives masters degree in 1949 in Engineering; 1950, joins the faculty at the University of Pittsburgh (UP) School of Public Health; anti-Semitism at the University Club;
[T2S4] his sabbatical in Israel for one year; reasons for coming to Pittsburgh; R and family settle in the North Hills area of Pittsburgh, Ingomar; his children's school experiences in Israel; life in Ingomar; more discussion of his father's work with the Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) in Israel;
[T3S5] a continuation of discussion of JDC including names of colleagues working in Israel with his father, Dr. Bluestone and Mr. Kantor; discussion of events leading up to Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990; mention of Camp Stewart, GA; exchanges positions with Professor Alberto Wachs at Technion in Israel for his sabbatical there; his sabbatical in Australia as founding director of West Port Bay Environmental Study, Victoria, Australia, 1972-74; explanation of the study; locations of children's births;
[T3S6] his dual upbringing in the United States and Palestine; involvement with a youth movement in Palestine; influence of Professor John Wolman; retirement in 1982; volunteer activities with Air Pollution Advisory Committee of Allegheny Health Department and the Graduate School of Public Health (GSPH) at University of Pittsburgh; founding president, Association of Teachers of Environmental Health; discussion of his involvement with the Ohio River Basin Energy Study; opinions on the subject of industry's effect on public health;
[T4S7] his participation in two events of Earth Day, 1970; some history of water pollution acts in the United States; beginnings of the Environmental Protection Agency; studies in radiation exposure being done at GSPHUP; the long range effects of a nuclear disaster like Chernobyl; 1951-64, life in the North Hills of Pittsburgh; his Jewish neighbors, Dr. Leslie Falk, Dr. Jonas Salk and his brother; discussion of Dr. Jonas Salk; opinions of Salk; the Salk vs. Sabin controversy; his family's participation in the trial immunizations; his hobbies; family vacations; trip to Israel by ship in 1965; further discussion of life in Ingomar, the railroad stop there, and families in the community; recollections of prohibition; participation in the civil rights march on the day Martin Luther King was assassinated;
[T5S9] Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in 1990; he develops a course related to equal access for health care for the Black community in the 1960s; views of his successes; the controversy between environmentalists and engineers; WWII, the pros and cons of the atomic bomb; views of accomplishments; changes in Pittsburgh since 1950; discussion of his involvement with American Technion Society;
[T5S10] recollections of life in Ingomar; his publications; opinions of Israeli policies; problems in the Middle East; fundraising for his son David's memorial fund at MIT.
Subjects
American Society for Technion, Israel Institute of Technology; United States. Environmental Protection Agency; Israel; Joint Distribution Committee; North Hills (Allegheny County, Pa.); Palestine; Public health; Salk, Jonas; Szold, Henrietta, 1860-1945; University of Pittsburgh
Birth Date
1917
Profession
Professor; Author
Work
University of Pittsburgh
Occupation (father)
Doctor
Length (hours)
5
Interviewer1
Harrison, Mary
Interviewer2
Dinman, Gabrielle
Indexer
Dinman
Collateral Materials
Box 106 FF 17
Identifier
ais196440.421
Rights
All rights reserved. University of Pittsburgh