Schwartz, Leonard
Interview Date
September 24, 1992
Respondent. psychiatrist, born 1924
[T1S1] Respondent inventor and developer of Panaerobic exercise program; mentions parents, family background, children, grandchildren. Respondent talks about service in Pacific Theater during WWII; elaborates on family background. Respondent describes childhood in Hill District, moved to cheaper housing whenever rent was raised, attended new school every other year, father insurance man, what it was like being only child. Respondent discusses medical school, religious education, Bar Mitzvah, father's alcoholism, religious beliefs. Respondent talks about his children's and grandchildren's religious education; daughter's mixed marriage; wintering in Palm Beach. Respondent details psychiatric career; interned at Montefiore Hospital, residence at Western Psychiatric, joined Pittsburgh Psychiatric Institute. Respondent talks about high school activities, involved in sports; courtship, marriage to Millie; elaborates on his childhood, mentions importance of music; life during medical school.
[T1S2] Respondent describes wife's background, career as decorator, owns art gallery. Respondent tells story about entering medical school; describes studies and honors; mentions budding interest in psychiatry. Respondent describes Freudian studies; analyzed by Charlotte Babcock. Respondent talks about practice, Psychiatric Institute, graduate studies, becoming head of Montefiore Division of Psychiatry, eventually head of teaching. Respondent discusses his research in refraction errors of eyes; his poor eyesight; how personal life is reflected in his writings, studies; books about his pioneering unique exercise system; problems with research. Respondent explains that career has become life's focus. Respondent details his idea that a person's muscular system is directly related to cerebral function. Respondent mentions wife's family background; her serious illness, recovery; views on Jewishness; importance of friendships; difficulties pioneering a field; views on his career.
[T2S3] Respondent elaborates on childhood home life, father's alcoholism, work ethic, mixed neighborhood, playing ball in streets, relationship with mother. Respondent discusses his myopia, school influences, religious education. Respondent continues talking about courtship, their relationship during WWII; war experience, service in Saipan. Respondent talks about decision to become doctor; how father's feel for music and language influenced him. Respondent lists prizes, positions in medical school, grade school. Respondent continues talking about wife, her support of his career, early married life, relationship with each other and friends.
[T2S4] Respondent talks about children; their schooling, careers, grandchildren. Respondent discusses his professional life; interest in exercise; private practitioner. Respondent talks about publishing; theory behind Heavy Hands; patenting his ideas; developing panaerobic technique; exercise lab at University of Pittsburgh. Respondent describes book <i>WALKING WITH</i> <i>HANDWEIGHTS</i>; studies that led to publishing; how he developed this new exercise principle; benefits of exercise. Respondent discusses future projects will combine music and weight exercise; writing about psychology of exercise; importance of mobilization of people; how psychology relates to exercising. Respondent talks about using his exercising knowledge at Jewish Home for Aged (JHHA). Respondent elaborates on University of Pittsburgh Laboratory at house. Respondent describes how he studies movement; continues talking about exercise, research. R mentions what he would have done differently in his career.
[T3S5] Respondent lists professional organization memberships. Respondent talks about move from Freudian studies to clinical practice; Freudian psychoanalysis; fulfillment with his career, its positive influences on others. Respondent discusses decision to pursue publishing exercise books; retire from psychiatry practice to study physiology; his writing process. Respondent talks about his prize physiology student Tom Auble, he now turns to him for help. Respondent elaborates on grandchildren, JHHA, work with aged, lists hobbies.
[T3S6] Respondent continues talking about hobbies, traveling. Respondent describes promoting his book, first books commercial success; wife's career; creating new ideas for development, research, implementation; future production of video exercise tapes. Respondent talks about editing his works; Freudian analysis, theory of self and ego; relationship between body and mind; importance of exercise; vision problems.
[T4S7] Respondent details motor intelligence, its relationship to exercise. Respondent describes writing process; future research ideas. Respondent lists areas in visual studies; physiology he believes should be pursued. Respondent talks about problems with publish or perish philosophy in academia.
Alcoholism; Babcock, Charlotte G., 1907-; Exercise; Psychology; Heavy Hands; Hand weights; Inventors; Psychiatry; Walking; Hand weights; World War, 1939-1945
Birth Date
Hill District, Pittsburgh, PA
Psychiatrist; Inventor
Heavyhands Panaerobics
Occupation (father)
Insurance man
Length (hours)
Braun, Howard
Collateral Materials
Box 106 FF 9
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