Respondent
Markovic, Malvina
Interview Date
August 18, 1999
Abstract
Respondent Holocaust survivor, born, 1924.
[T1S1] Respondent gives place of birth: Czechoslovakia; recalls events of 1943: Germans arrived after Passover, took family to Munkach, thought it was brick factory; describes conditions: no toilet, no food, only what family brought from home, slept on floor. Respondent recounts move after one week: loaded on to trains (like cattle cars), taken to Auschwitz concentration camp, same conditions as Munkach; describes incident: holding sister's baby and sister holding her other baby; Polish guard took both babies, never seen again; explains sisters went one way, parents went a different way. Respondent discusses her work in Auschwitz: very hard; believes food contaminated; describes becoming ill with severe rash: put into infirmary for many days; notes in October talk of Russians coming closer, Respondent moved to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp; afterwards, moved again to Aschensleiben, Germany; details work done there: fixing airplane parts; explains kindness of German soldier: helped her get through bout with diarrhea while on train; recalls incident in Auschwitz: asked to take dead bodies to crematorium, unable to do it; managed to be out of sight when bodies were removed. Respondent depicts trains filled with people arriving daily, some trains filled with children; comments on liberation: May, 1944; describes traveling from village to village with sister and 150 others, nowhere to go; recounts asking stranger for place to stay, not safe because of Ukrainians; found work sewing. Respondent describes traveling to find shelter at nearby brook: Russians arrived, tried to rape girls, fled again; looked for Americans to help them get through to border; recounts search for brother in Czech army. Respondent explains after war, Americans put Respondent and sister on train to Prague; helpfulness of Jewish organizations in finding brother; begins search for more brothers, notes 9 children in family; depicts travel to Budapest: found one brother and met cousin who became Respondent's husband.
[T1S2] Respondent notes short stay in Budapest; returned to home: found nothing left; describes travel to Kosece, then back to Prague: remained for 2 months; went to Teplece Sanov, Czechoslovakia; stayed 1 year together with husband; saw no future and Communists were arriving; husband did not want to become Communist, moved to Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, with husband and 1 child born in Prague; describes attempt to cross border into Vienna, Austria; difficult to get passport to come to America. Respondent gives date of marriage in Teplece Sanov: 5/1/46, notes son born 2 years after marriage: 1948; arrived in Austria, Jan 1, 1951; describes crossing border and difficulties in getting papers to come to America; settled in McKeesport, PA: stayed with uncle; describes husband finding work with Mr. Coslov (Tube City Iron and Metal): worked as laborer, 25 years. Respondent mentions work as caterer: 20 years, Gemilas Chesed Synagogue: McKeesport, PA; mentions offer to work in Mikvah (ritual bath) in Pittsburgh, accepted position 10/87; gives name of husband: Beni Markovic, met 6/45, married 5/1/46; gives names of sons: David, born, 1948, Saul, born, 1953; notes Saul owner of Murray Avenue Kosher in Squirrel Hill. Respondent gives name of brother: 20 years older: killed in Russia; gives names of parents: Shana and David Katz: perished in Auschwitz, notes 1 brother killed by Germans at age 10; gives names of 3 sisters: all perished in Auschwitz along with spouses and children, notes 1 sister and 2 brothers survived, now deceased; comments on grandsons.
[T2S3] Respondent describes early childhood in Loza, Hungary: small village, father's egg business: hard work; explains move to live with sister in Kosece; school attendance; provides additional information on family; describes husband's life in concentration camps: Dachau, Auschwitz; explains how he survived; describes family as religious, both sons married to religious women; reflects on good luck in getting out alive from concentration camps; committed to religion.
[T2S4] No abstract for this side.
Subjects
Auschwitz (Concentration camp); Bergen-Belsen (Concentration camp); Czechoslovakia; Holocaust survivors; Mikveh
Birth Date
1924
Country
Czechkoslovakia
Profession
Caterer, Mikvah
Residence
McKeesport, PA
Length (hours)
1.25
Interviewer1
Dickman, Gene
Interviewer2
Richman, Hy
Indexer
Berger, Betty
Collateral Materials
Box 104 FF 23
Identifier
ais196440.298
Rights
All rights reserved. University of Pittsburgh