Respondent
Friedberg, Lillian A. (Lillian Adlow)
Interview Date
1973
Abstract
Friedberg, Lillian, a homemaker and volunteer who became the executive director of the Jewish Community Relations Council; birth date, December 18, 1897;
[T1S1] father's name change due to misspelling at Ellis Island; family moves to East Boston; father's immigration in 1887; his employment as a peddler in the suburbs of Boston; he opens a clothing store on Hanover Street in Boston; description of father's personality; how his furniture store in Roxbury section of Boston affected the family; history of Roxbury Street; recollections of historical sites, events in Boston; growth of family and move to larger residence on Kennilworth Street; description of the house; recollections of Boston winters and keeping the house warm; mother's accident and medical care at that time; family moves to an apartment on Warren Place;
[T1S2] description of neighborhood and neighbors there; father's ritual of morning prayers, Sabbath ritual; religious education; relationship with parents; taking piano lessons and singing songs with father; description of the women's dress of the day; social gatherings in the home; mother's involvement with the National Council of Jewish Women, orphanage, and home for the aged; education at Girls Latin School, Radcliffe College; anecdote about why she went to Radcliff;
[T2S3] continuation of the Radcliffe story; graduation, 1918; courtship and marriage in that same year; brother's education; recollection of historical events like the discovery of the North Pole and sinking of the Titanic; early married life residing with parents in Boston; siblings education, all at Harvard or Radcliffe, and their careers; husband's graduation from Harvard Medical School; move to Pittsburgh for husband's internship at West Penn Hospital; recollections of Pittsburgh, East End Jewish community; residence on Fairmont Street; the Irene Kaufmann Settlement on Center Avenue; movement of Jews to Oakland and Squirrel Hill sections of the city and to the suburbs; transition to life in Pittsburgh;
[T2S4] becomes involved with National Council of Jewish Women and Hadassah; children's education at Harvard and Radcliffe; becomes executive director of the Jewish Community Relations Council in Pittsburgh, a career which spanned twenty-three years; discussion of the Jewish community in the East End; recollection of the depression, her husband's medical practice during that period; changes in Jewish community during depression; misunderstandings between the Jewish and Christian community and formation of the Jewish Community Relations Council (JCRC), designed to cope with prejudice in schools and business;
[T3S5] anti-Semitic activities in Pittsburgh; JCRC's role in fighting anti-Semitism and other racial prejudice; promoting qualified Jews for positions in the public school system; lobbying in Harrisburg for passage of bill for fair employment practices; the Allegheny Conference on Civil Rights; changes in Jewish population over the years; concern for Jewish education;
[T3S6] the American Jewish Congress fights for black civil rights; protests by Jewish merchants of Jewish organizations' work for black civil rights; discussion of displacement of Jews by Blacks in some neighborhoods and successful integration in others; bigotry in some areas of Pittsburgh at time of interview; integration in her neighborhood; changes in the ratio of Jewish professors at the University of Pittsburgh; life before JCRC; discussion on being the only female on the executive board of JCRC for many years; children's careers; opinions on retaining ethnic qualities; effects of television and advertising on people's ethnicity; political opinions; future of the Jewish community.
Subjects
Boston (Mass.); Civil rights; Economic Depression; Judaism--Relations--Christianity; Jewish Community Relations Council (Pittsburgh, Pa.)
Length (hours)
3
Interviewer1
Shapira, Frieda
Interviewer2
Langer, Elinor
Indexer
Roe
Collateral Materials
Box 101 FF 48
Identifier
ais196440.147
Rights
All rights reserved. University of Pittsburgh