Title of Work
West Facade, Capital Frieze- Life of the Virgin
Title of Image
20: Massacre of the Innocents
Date
c. 1145
Description
West Façade, Left Frieze, Life of Mary and Infancy of Christ, Left Side of Central Portal
From the right:
20: Massacre of the Innocents
(Matthew 2:16-18, Protevangelium of James 22:1; Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew 17:1)
Herod ordered the killing of all the male children in Bethlehem and the surrounding area since the Magi had told Herod that the "King of the Jews" would be born there.
This is a long scene covering eight capital faces. It contains approximately 40 figures. The action is spread out over the faces of three capitals and the two concave corners between them. This has been divided into nine scenes or vignettes, 20a through 20i, in response to the content of capital faces, for clarity of identification, and to correspond with the Section Three Capital Frieze Diagram. See the metadata accompanying FCSP18120000 for a complete description of this extended depiction of the Massacre.
(20e) Next to Herod (20c), seen to the rear right, two soldiers attack infants being held by women over two capital faces.
(20h) The figures on the remaining capital faces are damaged. However it is possible to make out three soldiers attacking infants that they hold and that are being held by two female figures.
Compare this scene with the Massacre of the Innocents in Panels 13-5 of The Infancy of Christ Window (Delaporte no. 2, Deremble-Mahnes no. 50). This window is above the frieze and also survived the fire of 1194.
At right are figures from:
20b.
20c.
20d.
At left are figures from:
20f.
20g.
Country
France
Location
Chartres
Style
Gothic
Type of Work
Sculpture
Subtype of Work
Capital Frieze
Material
Stone
Subject
Cathédrale de Chartres--Pictorial works.;Church decoration and ornament--France--Chartres--Pictorial works.;Church architecture--France--Chartres--Pictorial works.;Christian art and symbolism--France--Chartres--Medieval, 500-1500--Pictorial works.
Bibliography
Photographer
Philip Maye
Copyright
Identifier
FCSP18120500
MEDART Website

Chartres: Cathedral of Notre-Dame

20: Massacre of the Innocents

(FCSP18120500)
size