Title of Work
West Facade, Capital Frieze, Ministry and Passion of Christ
Title of Image
30: Last Supper
Date
c. 1145
Description
West Façade, Right Frieze, Life of Christ, Left Side of Right Portal
This image shows several scenes. From the left:
30: Last Supper
(Matthew 26:26-29; Mark 14:22-25; Luke 22:15-38)
This scene occupies the front and both sides of the pilaster between the center and right portals. Heimann notes that this scene is emphasized not only by its great length, but also by the fact that it is in "visually the most prominent position," on that pilaster. She notes that on the front of the corresponding pilaster between the center and left portals are three other important scenes, the Annunciation, the Visitation and the Nativity of Christ. (Heimann, p. 84)
A long, continuous table is parallel to the side and front planes of the pilaster. On each of the sides, three apostles sit behind the table. They are bearded and hold food, crockery and unidentifiable objects. Traces of halos appear behind some of them.
On the front plane of the pilaster, Christ (with cruciform nimbus) sits behind the table at center. At left sit two other figures, an unidentified apostle and the apostle John, who leans his head on Christ’s raised knee. Three other apostles (headless, but with traces of halos behind them) sit behind the table at right. They turn and gesture toward Christ. In front of the table. Judas (barefoot, no halo) kneels in front of the table from the left, and reaches toward the plate in front of Christ.
Heimann notes that this scene is emphasized not only by its great length, but also by the fact that it is in "visually the most prominent position," on the pilaster separating the central and the right portals. She notes that on the front of the corresponding pilaster between the central and the left portal are three other important scenes, the Annunciation, the Visitation and the Nativity of Christ. (Heimann, p. 84)
Note the inscription, ROGERVS, below the frieze. According to Heimann, this was long thought to be the donor-portrait of a butcher, but now is believed to be an artist’s signature. (Heimann, pp. 97-9.)
Heimann notes the similarity between the compositions of The Last Supper and Betrayal of Christ and those of several sequences in south-west France. (Heimann, pp. 84-5).
Compare with panel 26 of The Apostles Window (Delaporte no. 34, Deremble-Mahnes no. 0) and Panel 3 of The Passion Window (Delaporte no. 3, Deremble-Mahnes no. 51). These two windows are at the east and west ends of the cathedral.
At right are figures from:
31: Peter smites Malchus (?).
32: The Betrayal of Christ.
Country
France
Location
Chartres
Style
Gothic
Type of Work
Sculpture
Subtype of Work
Capital Frieze
Material
Stone
Subject
Cathédrale de Chartres--Pictorial works.;Church decoration and ornament--France--Chartres--Pictorial works.;Church architecture--France--Chartres--Pictorial works.;Christian art and symbolism--France--Chartres--Medieval, 500-1500--Pictorial works.
Bibliography
Photographer
Philip Maye
Copyright
Identifier
FCSP18230400
MEDART Website

Chartres: Cathedral of Notre-Dame

30: Last Supper

(FCSP18230400)
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